Accessorial fees are charged by freight carriers for services that go beyond the normal pick-up and delivery requirements agreed upon at the time of purchase. These a la carte fees are typically added to your freight bill after the shipment has been completed, making it difficult to predict the full cost of a shipment.
Understanding the nature of accessorial charges and when your shipments are likely to happen will allow you to better predict your shipment’s final cost. Working with an expert shipping partner like Unishippers who ensures you follow best-practice quoting procedures and that will ask the right questions about your shipment beforehand, will also help you avoid unnecessary accessorial costs.
Listed below are common types of extra freight charges:
- Liftgate Delivery Charge: Shipments to or from destinations with no loading dock area.
- Layovers: The delivery is delayed to another day (specific to full truckload only).
- Reclassification and Reweigh: The dimensions, weight, or classification is incorrect or missing.
- Deadhead: The driver returns or backhauls the empty truck/container to the point of origin (specific to full truckload only).
- Advanced Notification: The carrier is required to notify the consignee before completing the delivery (also known as “appointment delivery” or “notify before delivery”).
- Tolls: The carrier incurs road tolls during transportation.
- Limited Access: The driver does unexpected work to complete the delivery (finding the consignee, security inspections, etc.).
- Circuitous Miles: Extra miles driven due to required out-of-route stops.
- Lumper: Third-party laborers load or unload cargo, typically at large distribution warehouses.
- Border Crossing: Carriers are charged fees when crossing a border.
- Residential Freight Delivery Fee: Delivering to residential addresses requires maneuvering through neighborhoods and unloading freight.
- Cash-On-Delivery (COD) Fees: Carrier receives payment in the form of checks or money orders on delivery from the consignee.
- Inside Delivery Charge: Fee applied when a carrier must go beyond the loading dock to pick-up or deliver the shipment.
- Fuel Surcharge: A surcharge based on the current price of fuel that allows the carrier to avoid fuel price forecasting.
- After-hour Deliveries: Delivering to commercial facilities after normal business hours.
- Diversion Miles: Driver is redirected to a new location upon arrival to the original shipping destination (specific to full truckload only).
- Stop-off Charge: Shipment requires multiple stops a two or more destinations (specific to full truckload only).
- Storage: Carrier is required to store a shipment for the shipper.
Schedule a free shipping assessment now to talk with a shipping expert about reducing accessorial charges on your shipments.